Study Reveals Diabetes is Best Fought with Fruit Not Fruit Juice

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4th September 2013 12:10 - Health

The British Medical Journal has recently published findings which show that eating certain fruits, including blueberries, grapes/raisins, and apples can reduce the risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

Researchers from the UK, Singapore, and the US used the data from three large studies of nurses and health professionals in the US to examine the link between fruit consumption and the risk of developing type-2 diabetes. In these studies, 6.5% of participants (12,198) developed type-2 diabetes.

The research which looked at the diets of more than 187,000 people in the US, shows that blueberries cut the risk by a quarter (26%).

When researchers looked at the effects of fruit juice consumption, they found a slightly increased risk of type-2 diabetes. The study calculated that replacing weekly fruit juice consumption with whole fruits could reduce the risk of contracting type-2 diabetes – by 33% with blueberries; 19% with grapes and raisins; and 13% with apples and pears.

Qi Sun, Study Author and Assistant Professor at Harvard School of Public Health, said:

"The juicing process gets rid of the fruit, just leaving fluids which are absorbed more quickly, causing blood sugars and insulin levels to rise if they contain sugars… To try to minimise the risk of type-2 diabetes as much as possible it is reasonable to reduce fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of whole fruits."

Yet, Dr Matthew Hobbs, Head of Research for Diabetes UK, said:

“Some of the findings are based on a number of assumptions and models which may have distorted the results significantly.”

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